This land used to consist of feudal states and politics was seen as something that only the rulers should engage in, says Dr Mahathir. By 1957 though, when the country became independent, the people wanted to have a say in the running of the country. So democracy was chosen. The question was what type of democracy should we adopt? We naturally chose one based on the UK where the separation of powers is clearly defined: Legislative, Executive, Judiciary, and Constitutional Monarchy. Nevertheless there are overlaps.

The legislative can interfere with the executive, the judiciary can interfere with legislative, and the executive can also exert influence on the legislative. So it is not perfect but officially at least there is a separation of powers and each division, including the rulers, should adhere to the provisions of the constitution. Otherwise, it would become anarchic and there would be no government.