Dr Mahathir describes education as the methodical spread of knowledge. According to him, it gained momentum during the age of Islamic civilisation when people wanted to study the Quran from learned teachers. This led to the formation of the world famous Al-Azhar University in Cairo. And from there, the idea of the systematic spread of knowledge caught on. He also touches on the notion of specialization and says because the sum of human knowledge is so vast, it is crucial that people specialize so that within society, there would be people knowledgeable about all kinds of subjects.

Dr M also shares his secret to mastery, which is to study something repeatedly until you can become as good as anybody else. The main thing is the drive, the dedication and the desire to do it right. And if you have to repeat something a thousand times, you must be prepared to do it.